Knowledge derived from extended experiences that cannot easily be expressed, articulated, or explicated (e.g., embodied knowledge, intuition). As M. Polanyi (1966) stated "we know more than we can tell". Tacit knowledge itself is a quite fuzzy notion that is used to refer to

a) knowledge embedded in skills, i.e., rules, procedures, and know-how, that may be difficult to verbally explicate (procedural skills);

b) informal knowledge that encapsulates theoretical knowledge organized around problems and cases, for instance how to approach and solve problems;

c) knowledge embedded in regular and predictable patterns of organizational activities (e.g., an intuitive grasp of the relevance of data that a company should focus on and provides a basis for an inimitable competitive advantage).

See also Embedded knowledge.

References

Polanyi, M. (1966). The tacit dimension. Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, reprinted 1983.


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