An approach developed by Janet Kolodner and her colleagues that is used intensively in science and technology education. Students themselves design and explore artefacts
to gain a deeper understanding of their working principles; there may be defects in such understanding in the short run. Research studies have provided some evidence that learning by design can enhance learning of complex problem solving skills and leads to better results than traditional instructional practices. Many abstract principles that are difficult to learn from text, become easier, more engaging, and motivating when approached through design process. This approach has been productively applied to improve quality of science education; we are not aware of application of the model across other domains of knowledge.
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