In belief mode, students tend to consider ideas and theories as extrinsic or given entities rather than something that can be improved or elaborated. They are more concerned whether they agree or disagree with an idea or what arguments and evidence could be presented for or against it than whether it could be articulated and extended. See Bereiter & Scardamalia 2003.

See Design mode.


Bereiter, C. & Scardamalia M. (2003). Learning to work creatively with knowledge. In E. de Corte, L. Verschaffel, N. Entwistle & J. van Merriƫnboer (eds.) Unravelling basic components and dimensions of powerful learning environments. EARLI Advances in Learning and Instruction Series. Oxford: Elsevier Science.

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Design Mode

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